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Pre-diabetes

Posted on August 26, 2015

In 2015, it was estimated that 1 out of 3 adults has Pre-diabetes.  Pre-diabetes can be diagnosed by checking a fasting blood sugar or by measuring the hemoglobin A1c (a 3-month average of blood sugar).  People who are overweight or who have a family history of Diabetes are at high risk for Pre-diabetes (and for Diabetes).  Most people with Pre-diabetes don’t know that they have this condition and it can only be diagnosed with a blood test.  50% of people with Pre-diabetes develop overt Diabetes in 10 years unless they are treated.  The primary treatment of Pre-diabetes is exercise and weight loss.  A 7% weight loss and the equivalent of 30 minutes of walking for 5 days of the week haven been shown to reduce progression of Pre-diabetes to Diabetes by nearly 60%.  A medication, Metformin, is also frequently used to treat Pre-diabetes.